A Survey of Semantic Technology and Ontology for e-Learning

Tracking #: 2133-3346

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Yi Wang
Ying Wang

Responsible editor: 
Aldo Gangemi

Submission type: 
Survey Article
Semantic technology and ontology (STO) are being investigated in various areas. In the e-learning context, many studies have used STO to address problems such as the interoperability of learning objects (LOs), modeling and enriching learning resources, and personalizing educational content recommendations. This study systematically reviewed research on STO in e-learning systems from 2008 to 2018. The review was guided by three research questions: RQ1: “What are the major uses of ontology in e-learning systems?” RQ2: “What is the state of the art in educational ontology?” and RQ3: “What are the various applications of STO-based learning systems?” Based on 134 papers, we analyzed six types of ontology use and five aspects of educational ontology, as well as e-learning systems that use semantic approaches. The observations obtained from this survey can benefit researchers in this area and help guide future research.
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