Perspectives in Knowledge Formalization for Scientific Collaborative Research: the case of Plastic pollution in the sea

Tracking #: 1924-3137

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Paolo Diviacco
Dmitry Pavlov
Alessandro Busato
Yury Emelianov
Ariadna Barinova
Tomaso Fortibuoni
Dmitry Mouromtsev
Francesca Malfatti

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Guest Editors Knowledge Graphs 2018

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Full Paper
Collaborative scientific research is based on sharing observations and resources. This implies some form of convergent cognition and mutual understanding, which is often not easy to achieve especially when researchers come from different disciplinary background, but also when they work in the same domain but live within different paradigms. To support and ease these activities, we propose to embed boundary objects into web based collaborative software. Boundary objects are artifacts, such as graphs, maps, software, abstract or concrete objects that being weakly structured in a common use, while strongly structured in individual use, facilitate communication between multiple social worlds. We report on how boundary objects can be implemented in a collaborative software by means of graphic maps derived from an ontology that at the same time formalise knowledge, allow implicit meaning to emerge from how data, information and communication is spontaneously organized by users, and link to controlled vocabularies widely recognized by the designated communities.
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