Ontologies for Observations and Actuations in Buildings: A Survey

Tracking #: 2232-3445

This paper is currently under review
Iker Esnaola-Gonzalez
Jesús Bermúdez
Izaskun Fernandez
Aitor Arnaiz

Responsible editor: 
Guest Editors Sensors Observations 2018

Submission type: 
Survey Article
The IoT allows connecting the physical world with virtual representations in various domains, and its rapid adoption lead to an exponential growth of the number of existing devices worldwide. Likewise, the amount of data generated is expected to grow accordingly. As a matter of fact it is estimated that in 2019, the IoT will generate more than 500 zettabytes in data. Without connecting all these data with its underlying semantics, the users of the Web of Things may end up in information silos thus hindering the exploitation of the data for better and smarter decisions. The main goal of this survey points towards ontologies involved in conceptualizations of observations and actuations, where the utility of that conceptualization arise when some features of interest need to be observed or acted upon. Spaces and elements in the buildings environment have emerged as platforms where materializations of such observations and actuations promise to be very profitable. For each of the reviewed ontology, their fundamentals are described, their potential advantages and shortcomings are highlighted, and the use cases where these ontologies have been used are indicated. Additionally, use case examples are annotated with different ontologies in order to illustrate their capabilities and showcase the differences between reviewed ontologies.
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