Network Metrics for Assessing the Quality of Entity Resolution Between Multiple Datasets

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Al Idrissou
Frank van Harmelen
Peter van den Besselaar

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Guest Editors EKAW 2018

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Matching entities between datasets is a crucial step for combining multiple datasets on the semantic web. A rich literature exists on different approaches to this entity resolution problem. However, much less work has been done on how to \emph{assess} the quality of such entity links once they have been generated. Evaluation methods for link quality are typically limited to either comparison with a \textit{ground truth dataset} (which is often not available), \textit{manual work} (which is cumbersome and prone to error), or \textit{crowd sourcing} (which is not always feasible, especially if expert knowledge is required). Furthermore, the problem of link evaluation is greatly exacerbated for links between more than two datasets, because the number of possible links grows rapidly with the number of datasets. In this paper, we propose a method to estimate the quality of entity links between multiple datasets. We exploit the fact that the links between entities from multiple datasets form a network, and we show how simple metrics on this network can reliably predict their quality. We verify our results in a large experimental study using six datasets from the domain of science, technology and innovation studies, for which we created a gold standard. This gold standard, available online, is an additional contribution of this paper. In addition, we evaluate our metric on a recently published gold standard to confirm our findings.
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