Experiential Observations: an Ontology Pattern-based Study on Capturing the Potential Content within Evidences of Experiences

Tracking #: 2761-3975

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Alessio Antonini
Alessandro Adamou
Mari Carmen Suárez-Figueroa
Francesca Benatti

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Special Issue Cultural Heritage 2021

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Full Paper
Modelling the knowledge behind human experiences is a complex process: it should take into account, among other characteristics, the activities performed, human observations, and the documentation of the evidence. To represent this type of knowledge in a declarative way means to support data interoperability in the context of cultural heritage artefacts, as linked datasets on experience documentation have started to appear. With this objective in mind, in this paper, we describe a study based on an Ontology Design Pattern for modelling experiences through observations, which are considered indirect evidence of a mental process (i.e., the experience). This pattern highlights the structural differences between types of experiential sources, such as diaries and social media contents, providing a guideline for the comparability between different domains and for supporting the construction of heterogeneous datasets based on an epistemic compatibility. We have performed not only a formal evaluation over the pattern, but also an assessment through a series of case studies. This approach includes a) the analysis of interoperability among two case studies (reading through social media and historical sources); b) the development of an ontology for collecting evidences of reading, which reuses the proposed pattern; and c) the inspection of experience in humanities datasets.
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