The EPISECC Ontology model: spatio-temporal ontology for disaster management

Tracking #: 1758-2970

This paper is currently under review
Authors: 
Martina Baucic
Snjezana Knezic
Georg Neubauer

Responsible editor: 
Mark Gahegan

Submission type: 
Ontology Description
Abstract: 
The EPISECC project’s investigation revealed that 70% of tools used by first responders during disaster management reach physical and syntactical interoperability and only 30% are covering semantic interoperability. To improve information sharing, the EPISECC project developed a concept of Common Information Space (CIS) including three semantic structures: taxonomy, semantic repository and ontology model. As there is no reference ontology for disaster or emergency management, the EPISECC project team developed a spatio-temporal ontology for disaster management, modelling common operational picture for the first responders. A two steps approach is applied: the first step models the application knowledge and the second step links concepts with reference ontologies. The ontology backbone is a subset of the EPISECC Taxonomy representing the application knowledge. GeoSPARQL, W3C Time and DOLCE-Lite ontologies are referenced. Representing dynamic features ask for a new concept with properties varying in both space and time. Thus, the concept of “spatio-temporal part” is introduced in the ontology. The conceptual model is formalised in the Ontology Web Language (OWL) schema and validated by the competency questions based on the EPISECC scenario. Future research should tackle a new paradigm in disaster management: including ad-hoc participants and trustworthiness of their data.
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